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The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government

Welfare, Workforce, and Social Services: Current Topics

Current Topics

At the Front Lines of the Welfare System: A Perspective on the Decline in Welfare Caseloads

This book examines the conversations between workers and their clients to understand the implementation of the 1996 welfare reform.
Irene Lurie, The Rockefeller Institute Press, 2006
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New Systems for Social Programs: First Impressions from Field Research on Local Implementation of Health Care, Food Stamps, and TANF

This paper is a first attempt to draw on a wealth of field research in up to 30 local sites across the country on the local implementation of Medicaid, CHIP, TANF, and the Food Stamp Program. The findings are somewhat mixed.
James Fossett, Thomas L. Gais, and Frank Thompson, Association for Public Policy and Management, November 7, 2002

A New Puzzle for Federalism: Different State Responses to Medicaid and Food Stamps

Devolution has given states greater decision-making authority in both health care policies and the Food Stamp Program in recent years. This paper looks at various experiences in these program areas that raise important questions about the adequacy of the dominant theoretical traditions of federalism.
James W. Fossett and Thomas L. Gais, presented at the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, August 2002

Children and Welfare Reform: What Policy Theories Are Being Implemented in States Where Most Poor Children Live?

Field research conducted in 1997-98 found that states were most likely to implement an environmental theory and were less likely to create policies, programs, structures, and processes that put two other theories (resource and family structure) into effect. In this paper we revisit those findings in light of a wider base of data.
Cathy Marie Johnson, Thomas L. Gais, and Catherine Lawrence, August 2002

Changing Welfare Offices

Many welfare offices have adopted "work first" policies that require recipients to engage in job search or other work-related activities while they apply for cash assistance, and some offices have initiated policies that try to divert applicants from monthly cash assistance. However, fewer offices have created effective mechanisms for informing diverted applicants and recipients leaving welfare about the availability of food stamps, Medicaid, and other benefits.
Irene Lurie, The Brookings Institution, October 2001